Article 1121

Title of the article

Enlightened bureaucracy in the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries in the structure of the imperial control system of the outskirts of the Russian Empire 


Natalia G. Karnishina, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, professor of the sub-department of the history of Russia, state and law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: 

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Background. The study of the imperial control system of national outskirts in the Russian Empire in the 19th – early 20th centuries acquires special relevance in the current realities of modern Russia. Summarizing the historical experience of the central administration on the empire’s outskirts allows us to answer the question of how the capital’s bureaucracy and local officials developed and implemented policies in relation to local communities, how the language and ethno-confessional policy of the empire was built in different periods. The purpose of the study is to analyze the main directions of imperial policy on the national outskirts of the Russian Empire during the 19th – early 20th centuries on the basis of a wide range of sources in the context of the activities of the higher bureaucracy representatives.
Materials and methods. The study was conducted on the basis of archives, memoir literature, materials of the periodical press. Comparative-historical, social and statistical methods of historical research were used. Based on the capabilities of the content analysis of the periodical press, a study of the reaction of local communities to the policy carried out on the national outskirts of the Russian Empire was conducted.
Results. In the course of writing the article, the main task is solved-to study how the experience gained in the management of some outskirts, in particular, the Western region, influenced the national policy of the imperial authorities of the Russian Empire as a whole.
Conclusions. One of the main problems of late imperial Russia was the need to develop a unified model of controlling the national outskirts, based on the principle of ethnocentrism of national and state traditions. Differences in the views of the enlightened bureaucracy representatives were associated with the decision to move from the imperial to the national principle of imperial policy on the outskirts, which, first of all, was associated with the events in the western provinces of the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century. The degree of loyalty of local communities to the line of the official authorities of Saint Petersburg, in many respects, according to the central office, determined the success of Russia’s national policy. 

Key words

national policy, enlightened bureaucracy, local officials, ethnic and national factors of imperial 


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Дата создания: 18.05.2021 11:39
Дата обновления: 18.05.2021 13:22